Publications (* = trainee)

In preparation

  1. Y Kennett, RF Betzel, RE Beaty (2019). Community structure of the creative brain at rest.

  2. RF Betzel, F Zamani Esfahlani*, L Kitchell, B McPherson, J Faskowitz, F Pestilli (2019). Compromised long-distance community structure in neuropsychiatric disorders.

  3. F Zamani Esfahlani*, L Kitchell, B McPherson, J Faskowitz, F Pestilli, RF Betzel (2019). Classification of neuropsychiatric disorders based on rich-club (dis)organization.


  1. RF Betzel, J Faskowitz, O Sporns (2019). High-amplitude co-fluctuations in cortical activity drive resting-state functional connectivity. bioRxiv.

  2. J Faskowitz, F Zamani Esfahlani*, Y Jo*, O Sporns, RF Betzel (2019). Edge-centric functional network representations of human cerebral cortex reveal overlapping system-level architecture. bioRxiv.

  3. GL Baum, Z Cui, DR Roalf, R Ciric, RF Betzel, et al (2019). Development of structure-function coupling in human brain networks during youth. bioRxiv.

  4. RF Betzel, L Byrge, F Zamani Esfahlani*, DP Kennedy (2019). Temporal fluctuations in the brain's modular architecture during movie-watching.

  5. RF Betzel, et al (2019). The community structure of functional brain networks exhibits scale-specific patterns of variability across individuals and time. Neuroimage.

  6. A Goulas, RF Betzel, & CC Hilgetag (2019). Spatiotemporal ontogeny of brain wiring. Science Advances, 355016.

  7. U Braun, A Harneit, G Pergola, T Menara, A Schaefer, RF Betzel, et al (2019). Brain state stability during working memory is explained by network control theory, modulated by dopamine D1/D2 receptor function, and diminished in schizophrenia. arXiv.

  8. X Zhang, U Braun, A Harneit, Z Zang, L Geiger, RF Betzel, et al (2019). Generative network models identify biological mechanisms of altered structural brain connectivity in schizophrenia. bioRxiv.

  9. F Zamani Esfahlani*, M Bertolero, DS Bassett, RF Betzel (2019). Space-independent community and hub structure of functional brain networks. bioRxiv.

  10. RF Betzel, et al (2019). Distance-dependent consistency thresholds for generating group-representative structural brain networks. Network Neuroscience.

  11. RF Betzel, et al (2019). Inter-regional ECoG correlations predicted by communication dynamics, geometry, and correlated gene expression. Nature Biomedical Engineering.


  1. DJ Lurie, D Kessler, DS Bassett, RF Betzel, et al. (2018). On the nature of resting fMRI and time-varying functional connectivity. PsyArXiv.

  2. RF Betzel (2018).Organizing principles of whole-brain functional connectivity in zebrafish larvae. bioRxiv.

  3. Z Cui, J Stiso, GL Baum, JZ Kim, DR Roalf, RF Betzel, et al. (2018). Optimization of Energy State Transition Trajectory Supports the Development of Executive Function During Youth. bioRxiv.

  4. EJ Cornblath, A Ashourvan, JZ Kim, RF Betzel, et al. (2018). Context-dependent architecture of brain state dynamics is explained by white matter connectivity and theories of network control. bioRxiv.

  5. P Reddy, RF Betzel, et al. (2018). Genetic and Neuroanatomical Support for Functional Brain Network Dynamics in Epilepsy. arXiv.

  6. CH Xia, Z Ma, R Ciric, S Gu, RF Betzel, et al. (2018). Linked dimensions of psychopathology and connectivity in functional brain networks. Nature Communications, 9(1), 3003.

  7. RF Betzel & DS Bassett (2018). Specificity and robustness of long-distance connections in weighted, interareal connectomes. PNAS, 201720186.

  8. B Misic, RF Betzel, et al (2018). Network-based asymmetry of the human auditory system. Cerebral Cortex, 28(7), 2655-2664.

  9. M Fukushima, RF Betzel et al (2018). Structure–function relationships during segregated and integrated network states of human brain functional connectivity. Brain Structure and Function, 223(3), 1091-1106.

  10. AE Sizemore, C Giusti, A Kahn, JM Vettel, RF Betzel, & DS Bassett (2018). Cliques and cavities in the human connectome. Journal of Computational Neuroscience, 44(1), 115-145.

  11. RF Betzel et al (2018). Diversity of meso-scale architecture in human and non-human connectomes. Nature Communications, 9(1), 346.

  12. YN Kenett, JD Medaglia, RE Beaty, Q Chen, RF Betzel et al (2018). Driving the brain towards creativity and intelligence: A network control theory analysis. Neuropsychologia.

  13. U Braun, A Schaefer, RF Betzel, et al (2018). From maps to multi-dimensional network mechanisms of mental disorders. Neuron, 97(1), 14-31.

  14. RF Betzel, et al (2018). Non-assortative community structure in resting and task-evoked functional brain networks. bioRxiv, 251827.


  1. JC Worrell, J Rumschlag, RF Betzel, et al (2017). Optimized connectome architecture for sensory-motor integration. Network Neuroscience, 1(4), 415-430.

  2. RF Betzel & DS Bassett (2017). Generative models for network neuroscience: Prospects and promise. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 14(136), 20170623.

  3. RF Betzel & DS Bassett (2017). Multi-scale brain networks. Neuroimage, 160, 73-83.

  4. M Fukushima, RF Betzel, et al (2017). Fluctuations between high-and low-modularity topology in time-resolved functional connectivity. Neuroimage.

  5. AN Khambhati, AE Sizemore, RF Betzel, DS Bassett (2017). Modeling and interpreting mesoscale network dynamics. Neuroimage.

  6. GL Baum, R Ciric, DR Roalf, RF Betzel, et al (2017). Modular segregation of structural brain networks supports the development of executive function in youth. Current Biology, 27(11), 1561-1572.

  7. RF Betzel et al (2017). Positive affect, surprise, and fatigue are correlates of network flexibility. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 520.

  8. S Gu, RF Betzel et al (2017). Optimal trajectories of brain state transitions. Neuroimage, 148, 305-317.

  9. RF Betzel et al (2017). The modular organization of human anatomical brain networks: Accounting for the cost of wiring. Network Neuroscience, 1(1), 42-68.

  10. E Wu-Yan, RF Betzel, et al. (2017). Benchmarking measures of network controllability on canonical graph models. Journal of Nonlinear Science, 1-39.

  11. XN Zuo, Y He, RF Betzel, et al. (2017). Human connectomics across the lifespan. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 21(1), 32-45.


  1. H Mohr, U Wolfensteller, RF Betzel, et al (2016). Integration and segregation of large-scale brain networks during short-term task automatization. Nature Communications, 7, 13217.

  2. RF Betzel et al. (2016). Optimally controlling the human connectome: the role of network topology. Scientific Reports, 6, 30770.

  3. MG Mattar, RF Betzel, DS Bassett (2016). The flexible brain. Brain, 139(8), 2110-2112.

  4. B Misic, RF Betzel, et al. (2016). Network-level structure-function relationships in human neocortex. Cerebral Cortex, 26(7), 3285-3296.

  5. RF Betzel et al (2016). Dynamic fluctuations coincide with periods of high and low modularity in rest-state functional brain networks. Neuroimage, 127, 287-297.

  6. O Sporns & RF Betzel (2016). Modular brain networks. Annual Review of Psychology, 67, 613-640.

  7. RF Betzel, et al. (2016). Generative models of the human connectome. Neuroimage, 124, 1054-1064.


  1. RF Betzel, et al. (2015). Functional brain modules reconfigure at multiple scales across the human lifespan. arXiv.

  2. B Misic, RF Betzel, et al. (2015). Cooperative and competitive spreading dynamics on the human connectome. Neuron, 86(6), 1518-1529.


  1. B Misic, J Goni, RF Betzel, et al. (2014). A network convergence zone in the hippocampus. PLoS Computational Biology, 10(12), e10033982.

  2. RF Betzel, et al (2014). Changes in structural and functional connectivity among resting-state networks across the human lifespan. Neuroimage, 102, 345.

  3. A Avena-Koenigsberger, J Goni, RF Betzel (2014). Using Pareto optimality to explore the topology and dynamics of the human connectome. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B, 369(1653), 20130530.

  4. J Goni, MP van den Heuvel, A Avena-Koenigsberger, NV de Medizabal, RF Betzel, et al. (2014). Resting-brain functional connectivity predicted by analytic measures of network communication. PNAS, 111(2), 833-838.


  1. RF Betzel, et al. (2013). Multi-scale community organization of the human structural connectome and its relationship with resting-state functional connectivity. Network Science, 1(3), 353-373.

  2. J Goni et al. (2013). Exploring the Morphospace of Communication Efficiency in Complex Networks, PLoS ONE, 8(3), e58070.


  1. RF Betzel et al (2012). Synchronization Dynamics and Evidence for a Repertoire of Network States in Resting EEG. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 6, 74.